The Encyclopedia Of Weather And Climate Change A Complete Visual Guide

Author: Juliane L. Fry
Publisher: University of California Press
ISBN: 0520261011
Size: 67.58 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Encyclopedia of Weather features:

• Spectacular color photographs, detailed diagrams, beautiful graphics, and maps

• Easy-to-understand text that is packed with enough detail for scientists yet accessible in classrooms from the junior high school level (and up)

• The most up-to-date information based on the most recent scientific findings

• Succinct explanations of climate change, the enhanced greenhouse effect, global warming, and ozone depletion

• "Fact files" that put information at readers' fingertips

This beautiful, comprehensive, and up-to-date volume covers in amazing depth all aspects of the world's weather. Liberally illustrated with more than 2,000 color photographs, supplemental maps, diagrams, and other images, The Encyclopedia of Weather and Climate Change takes the reader beyond simple definitions to explore where weather comes from and the roles played by oceans and water cycles, and explains such related phenomena as the shaping of landforms, the creation of biological provinces, and the lasting ramifications of climate change. It also discusses how humans have survived and adapted in extreme climates like deserts, jungles, and icy regions. Each of the book's six sections is written and vetted by a different expert. "Engine" discusses what weather is, the solar powerhouse that supplies it, and Earth's atmospheric systems and seasons. "Action" delves into the dynamics of various weather forms. "Extremes" covers blizzards, heat waves, wildfires, and more. "Watching" tracks how weather is measured, mapped, monitored, and forecast. "Climate" delineates the continental climate zones and describes the plant, animal, and human adaptations for each. "Change" considers the history of climate change—ice ages, dinosaur extinction, melting glaciers, human impact, and more—and what we can expect in the future.

Encyclopedia Of Global Change Environmental Change And Human Society 2 Volumes

Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195108256
Size: 53.59 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Mapping the relationship between human society and the Earth, the Encyclopedia of Global Change is the first general reference guide to the impact of politics, population, economics, and technology on the planet. Containing over 300 original, signed articles by distinguished scholars, it is the comprehensive work for this multi-discipline, high-profile field.
The Encyclopedia synethsizes current knowledge on natural and human-made changes in the Earth's physical , chemical, and biological systems and the effects of these changes on society. Areas such as altered ecosystems, climate change, food supply, water production and consumption, population, and the political impact of global change are covered in detail. And the clearly written articles also include responses to global modification, agreements and associations, institutions, policies, biographies, and case studies.
Enhanced by 1,500 illustrations, extensive cross-references, bibliographies, and an index, the Encyclopedia of Global Change links essential knowledge across many fields-geography, geology, geophysics, atmospheric science, political science, economics, technology, and others-in a resource that is both accessible and authoritative. The jargon-free language makes it an excellent work for the professional scholar as well as the interested general reader.

A Z Of Global Warming

Author: Simon Rosser
Publisher: Schmall World Publishing
ISBN: 0955809207
Size: 77.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With the latest independent study - Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature (Best) study - confirming global temperature has risen by 1 C since 1950, and the USA recording its warmest January - June period in 2012 since records began in 1895 - NOAA, now is a perfect time to learn more about this complex and pressing subject...

The phrase global warming is a term that has been in common usage for some time and usually refers to recent warming of Earth s atmosphere, which also implies a manmade or human influence. Each chapter of this book deals with an aspect of it and looks at the effects of climate change, the impact of climate change, how humans cause global warming, the weather and climate change and pollution. Starting with A for Amazon, the book takes the reader on an A-Z guide through global warming, with each chapter dealing with a specific point on the issue of climate change and global warming. Biofuels are looked at, Carbon Dioxide, Electric Vehicles through to Weather, Xtinction, You Can Help and finally Zero Hour.... The paperback book is illustrated throughout to assist in the simplification of this complex subject matter.

Climate Change Law Elgar Encyclopedia Of Environmental Law 1

Author: Daniel A. Farber
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN: 1783477601
Size: 11.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law is a landmark reference work, providing definitive and comprehensive coverage of this dynamic field. Each volume probes the key elements of law, the essential concepts, and the latest research through concise, structured entries written by international experts. Each entry includes an extensive bibliography as a starting point for further reading. The mix of authoritative commentary and insightful discussion will make this an essential tool for research and teaching, as well as a valuable resource for professionals and policymakers.

Climate Change Law, the first volume of the Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law, provides a guide to the rapidly evolving body of legal scholarship relating to climate change. The amount of international, European and national legislation, judicial decisions, and legal scholarship in the field of climate law has now become almost overwhelming. This book focuses on the underlying concepts that are of concern to researchers, students and policymakers rather than on the details of national legislation.

The core topics include the difficulty of setting up a coherent international treaty approach, the importance of national and subnational legal action, the potential role of international and national courts, and the importance of human rights and environmental justice. Providing a comprehensive discussion, more than 50 entries developed by experts from across the world cover mitigation and adaptation issues in their wider context, from both international and national perspectives. Each chapter concludes by identifying important research challenges. Finally, the concluding chapter argues that a discernible global legal regime is emerging. The 2015 Paris Agreement marks both the increasingly interlinked but polycentric nature of this new regime.

This is the definitive resource for all those seeking the state of the art of climate change law, from students and legal scholars to practising lawyers, civil servants and NGOs.

Contributors include: D. Badrinarayana, D. Benson, W.W. Buzbee, M.R. Caldwell, A.E. Camacho, H.S. Cho, R.K. Craig, B. Curtis, J. Dafoe, P. DeArmey, J. de Cendra de Larragán, J.C. Dernbach, N. de Sadeleer, M. Doelle, W.T. Douma, D.M. Driesen, B. Egelund Olsen, K.H. Engel, D.A. Farber, Heline Sivini Ferreira, S. Ferrey, S.R. Foster, D. French, P. Galizzi, M.B. Gerrard, N.S. Ghaleigh, M. Hall, S.B. Hecht, D. Hodas, T. Honkonen, S.-L. Hsu, A. Jordan, A. Kaswan, A. Keessen, S.-H. Kim, S. Krakoff, K. Kulovesi, M.A. Livermore, K. Lu, J. Lueders, R. Lyster, M.L. Melius, Z. Meng, H.M. Osofsky, J. Peel, M. Peeters, B. Pontin, L. Rajamani, A.W. Reitze Jr, J. Reynolds, B.J. Richardson, F. Romanin Jacur, T.Schomerus, J. Scott, D.A. Serraglio, F. Sindico, M.P. Solis, B.K. Sovacool, P.-T.Stoll, L.G. Sun, T. Tang, A.D. Tarlock, Q. Tianbao, X.F. Torrijo, H. van Asselt, M. van Rijswick, M.P. Vandenbergh, R.R.M. Verchick, C. Voigt, X. Wang, M. Wilensky, K.M. Wyman, Y. Zhang

Super Earth Encyclopedia

Author: DK
Publisher: DK Children
ISBN: 1465461876
Size: 11.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A visual encyclopedia that showcases the most amazing things about our planet as kids have never seen them before with mind-blowing photography, brand-new CGI artworks, and incredible facts and stats.

Kids can explore amazing natural structures, incredible weather patterns, ocean phenomena, and constantly changing features of Earth. They can look down from above, up from deep underground, and around from the middle of a raging storm as they journey through the spectacular imagery of colorful coral reefs, the center of a volcanic eruption, castle-like ice caves, and much more. Lively and informative text is based on the latest discoveries and scientific research, and dashboard-style fact files provide information at a glance.

Super Earth Encyclopedia will take kids on an amazing journey, revealing the dramatic features of the phenomenal planet we call home.

Climate Change And Global Warming Encyclopedia Sweeping Coverage Of All Aspects Of Carbon Dioxide And Greenhouse Gases Sea Levels Ecosystems Computer Models Extreme Weather Energy And Carbon

Author: World Spaceflight News
Publisher: Progressive Management
Size: 25.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1468
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Investigate all aspects of climate change and global warming in this massive, authoritative compilation of up-to-date official documents from dozens of federal sources, with details about carbon dioxide, greenhouse gases, methane, rising sea levels, coastal threats, effects on plants, animals, birds, and other wildlife, potential damage to ecosystems, impacts on human health, the use of computer models to forecast future trends, the possible increase of extreme weather events, the role of energy sources in the carbon footprint, federal research and response efforts, satellite information, extensive glossaries, and much more.

There are fifteen parts: Part 1: NASA Material * Part 2: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Material * Part 3: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Material * Part 4: Department of the Interior (DOI) Material * Part 5: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Material * Part 6: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Material * Part 7: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Forest Service Material * Part 8: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Material * Part 9: NASA Energy Innovations Material * Part 10: Glossary of Climate Change Terms * Part 11: Energy Efficiency Glossary * Part 12: Federal Actions for a Climate Resilient Nation: Progress Report of the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force * Part 13: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Climate Change Adaptation Plan * Part 14: Our Changing Planet - The U.S. Global Change Research Program for Fiscal Year 2013 * Part 15: The National Global Change Research Plan 2012-2021 - A Strategic Plan for the U.S. Global Change Research Program

The Earth's climate has changed throughout history. Just in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat, with the abrupt end of the last ice age about 7,000 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era — and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives. The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is very likely human-induced and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented in the past 1,300 years. Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. Studying these climate data collected over many years reveal the signals of a changing climate. Certain facts about Earth's climate are not in dispute: The heat-trapping nature of carbon dioxide and other gases was demonstrated in the mid-19th century. Increased levels of greenhouse gases must cause the Earth to warm in response. Ice cores drawn from Greenland, Antarctica, and tropical mountain glaciers show that the Earth’s climate responds to changes in solar output, in the Earth’s orbit, and in greenhouse gas levels. They also show that in the past, large changes in climate have happened very quickly, geologically-speaking: in tens of years, not in millions or even thousands.

The consequences of changing the natural atmospheric greenhouse are difficult to predict, but certain effects seem likely: On average, Earth will become warmer. Some regions may welcome warmer temperatures, but others may not. Warmer conditions will probably lead to more evaporation and precipitation overall, but individual regions will vary, some becoming wetter and others dryer. A stronger greenhouse effect will warm the oceans and partially melt glaciers and other ice, increasing sea level. Ocean water also will expand if it warms, contributing further to sea level rise. Meanwhile, some crops and other plants may respond favorably to increased atmospheric CO2, growing more vigorously and using water more efficiently.

Encyclopedia Of Snow Ice And Glaciers Encyclopedia Of Earth Sciences Series

Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 904812641X
Size: 80.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The earth’s cryosphere, which includes snow, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake ice, and permafrost, contains about 75% of the earth’s fresh water. It exists at almost all latitudes, from the tropics to the poles, and plays a vital role in controlling the global climate system. It also provides direct visible evidence of the effect of climate change, and, therefore, requires proper understanding of its complex dynamics.

This encyclopedia mainly focuses on the various aspects of snow, ice and glaciers, but also covers other cryospheric branches, and provides up-to-date information and basic concepts on relevant topics. It includes alphabetically arranged and professionally written, comprehensive and authoritative academic articles by well-known international experts in individual fields. The encyclopedia contains a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from the atmospheric processes responsible for snow formation; transformation of snow to ice and changes in their properties; classification of ice and glaciers and their worldwide distribution; glaciation and ice ages; glacier dynamics; glacier surface and subsurface characteristics; geomorphic processes and landscape formation; hydrology and sedimentary systems; permafrost degradation; hazards caused by cryospheric changes; and trends of glacier retreat on the global scale along with the impact of climate change.

This book can serve as a source of reference at the undergraduate and graduate level and help to better understand snow, ice and glaciers. It will also be an indispensable tool containing specialized literature for geologists, geographers, climatologists, hydrologists, and water resources engineers; as well as for those who are engaged in the practice of agricultural and civil engineering, earth sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, ecosystem management, and other relevant subjects.

The Encyclopedia Of Global Human Migration 5 Volume Set

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 1444334891
Size: 29.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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  • Provides a complete exploration of the prominent themes, events, and theoretical underpinnings of the movements of human populations from prehistory to the present day
  • Offers the first comprehensive reference work on migration, comprising over 500
  • A-Z entries, and a prehistory section featuring over 50 thematic essays
  • Includes contributions from a global and multi-disciplinary author team, from historians and anthropologists, to political scientists, economists, and geneticists
  • Examines migration through world history rather than from a Western perspective, incorporating thematic discussions of key topics, detailed migration histories, biographies, and more
  • Features illustrations, images, charts, and 50 maps

5 Volumes

The Encyclopedia Of Volcanoes Second Edition

Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123859387
Size: 51.97 MB
Format: PDF
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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.).  Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity.
  • Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology
  • Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology
  • Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society
  • Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference
  • Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Encyclopedia Of World Climatology Encyclopedia Of Earth Sciences Series

Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1402032641
Size: 13.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Today, given the well-publicized impacts of events such as El Niño, there is an unequaled public awareness of how climate affects the quality of life and environment. Such awareness has created an increasing demand for accurate climatological information. This information is now available in one convenient, accessible source, the Encyclopedia of World Climatology. This comprehensive volume covers all the main subfields of climatology, supplies information on climates in major continental areas, and explains the intricacies of climatic processes. The level of presentation will meet the needs of specialists, university students, and educated laypersons.

A successor to the 1986 Encyclopedia of Climatology, this compendium provides a clear explanation of current knowledge and research directions in modern climatology. This new encyclopedia emphasizes climatological developments that have evolved over the past twenty years. It offers more than 200 informative articles prepared by 150 experts on numerous subjects, ranging from standard areas of study to the latest research studies.

The relationship between climatology and both physical and social science is fully explored, as is the significance of climate for our future well-being. The information is organized for speedy access. Entries are conveniently arranged in alphabetical order, thoroughly indexed, and cross-referenced. Every entry contains useful citations to additional source materials.

The Editor

John E. Oliver is Professor Emeritus at Indiana State University. He holds a B.Sc. from London University, and a MA and Ph.D from Columbia University. He taught at Columbia University and then at Indiana State where he was formerly Chair of the Geography-Geology Department, and Assoc iate Dean, College of Arts and Sciences. He has written many books and journal articles in Climatology, Applied Climatology and Physical Geography.

Encyclopedia Of Global Studies

Author: Helmut K. Anheier
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506338224
Size: 37.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The work brings together the many facets of global studies into a solid reference tool and will help those developing and articulating an ideological perspective." — Library Journal The Encyclopedia of Global Studies is the reference work ...

Encyclopedia Of Global Environmental Change

Author: R. E. Munn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: 9780471977964
Size: 52.31 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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See also : Air Quality, Global. Volume 1; Stratosphere, Ozone Trends, Volume 1.
JOHN S PERRY USA GAW (Global Atmosphere Watch) Many urgent
environmental problems are connected with human-induced changes in the
composition of ...

Encyclopedia Of Global Warming

Author: Steven I. Dutch
Publisher: Salem Pr Inc
Size: 62.19 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3449
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The Global Land Project (GLP) , cosponsored by the International Human
Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP), looks at how
humans transform terrestrial ecosystems and landscapes. The Global Ocean ...